Two to One … Ghana
By: Marcella Phillips-Grizzle
The Republic of Ghana is a West African nation believed to be the ancestral home of the vast majority of Jamaica’s Black population. Its national flag – much like the Ethiopian flag, which is revered by Jamaica’s Rastafari community – consists of the colours red, green and yellow, and has a black star depicted in its centre. The Republic is situated on the Gulf of Guinea and is bordered to its east by Togo, its west by Cote D’Ivoire (Ivory Coast), and its north by Burkina Faso. Formerly known as the Gold Coast, Ghana is the first sub-Saharan country to have gained independence from Great Britain on March 6, 1957, with its first Prime Minister being the pan-Africanist, Kwame Nkrumah.
THE 1865 MORANT BAY rebellion
THE PRELUDE TO THE REBELLION
With the British government’s passage of the Emancipation Act in 1834, the enslaved population throughout the colonies was granted freedom from working on the sugar plantations, and the right to establish themselves as free persons. However, by the 1860s, there was the growing feeling among the emancipated population that the British government’s interest in safeguarding their welfare in Jamaica was waning.
World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development
By: Marcella Phillips-Grizzle
The United Nations’ World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development is recognised and celebrated around the world on May 21. The designation came in 2001 when the UN adopted the Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity and, in 2002, the UN General Assembly declared May 21 as the day for dialogue and development, in direct recognition of the need for appreciation of the value of not only cultural differences, but also the tremendous role it plays in minimising poverty and achieving overall development in a sustainable manner.
Storytelling: A Vehicle for Cultural Preservation
By: Chelsea Stephenson
Storytelling is an important cultural thread that makes up the colourful fabric of Jamaican society. Louise Bennett Coverley, Ranny Williams, Charles Hyatt, Dr. Amina Blackwood Meeks, and many others, have played an integral role in promoting and protecting this aspect of Jamaica’s heritage.
Kumina is a musico-religious form which is based mainly on communication with the ancestors of the Congo people of Africa and their descendants in Jamaica. The dance ritual is also performed at times for recreational purposes.
The History and Development of Devon House
Devon House, located at the corner of Hope Road and Waterloo Road in St. Andrew, is a historic building and is regarded as one of the finest examples of nineteenth century domestic architecture in Jamaica. It is situated a far distance from these roads and is surrounded by gardens, with scattered boulders and majestic trees, including a huge cotton tree. The entrance is graced with black iron gates and the pathways leading to the house are dotted with royal palms. It has the ambience of a great house.
Jamaica’s National Bird: The Doctor Bird
By: Rochelle Clarke
The doctor bird, also known as the Swallow-tail hummingbird, Streamer-tail, Scissors-tail or Swallow-streamer or by its scientific name, Trochilus polytmus, is considered to be one of the most outstanding of the 320 species of hummingbirds. The genus is currently split into two separate species, namely, the Red-billed and the Black-billed Streamertail. This bird is indigenous to Jamaica, which means that it lives only in Jamaica.